Category Archives: Computing and Others

How to Enable Gui Root Login in Debian 10

In this post I am going to explain how to enable GUI root access on Debian 10. It is very similar to enabling Gui Root Login in Debian 8 and to enabling Gui Root Login in Debian 9. At this point I should warn you that using the root account is dangerous as you can ruin your whole system.  Try to follow this guide exactly.

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Confidence Intervals in R

In this post, I will show how one can easily construct confidence intervals in R. Assume you have a vector of numbers and you want to construct a confidence interval around the mean of this vector. The subsequent R code shows one easy way to calculate the confidence interval around the mean of this vector. The following code loads a function that allows you to pass on the vector and returns the confidence intervals. Per default the function returns the 95% confidence interval. However, the parameter ‘conf_level’ allows you to specify the interval you want. Furthermore, if you do not have many observations, you may want to use Student’s t-distribution instead of the Normal distribution. The Student’s t-distribution has wider tales when the number of observations is low and gives a you more conservative estimates of your confidence interval. In case you want to use Student’s t-distribution you case set the parameter ‘distribution’, i.e. distribution=”normal”.

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Generate Gamma Distributed Numbers in Julia

In Julia, one can generate random numbers that follow a Gamma distribution by using the Distribution package. Thereby one can use the rand() function that draws random numbers and specify the Gamma distribution by using the Gamma(a,b) command. The parameters a and b define the shape parameters of the Gamma distribution. This article provides a more generic overview of how to generate random numbers in Julia.

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How to set a Seed in Julia?

Julia v0.7 and older

In Julia, you can set a seed to the random number generator using the srand() function. The code example below sets the seed to 1234. Generating a random variable with rand(1) after setting the seed to 1234 will always generate the same number, i.e. it will always return 0.5908446386657102.

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